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英语单词anyone和any one的用法及区别

xiawuyouke 趣味英语 2022-10-28 10:21:23 12 0

有些英美学者认为,anyone不能分写成any one,而有些学者则认为可以,但有以下区别:

(一)anyone专用以指人,不指物,意思是“任何人”,重音落在any之上,它不作“任何一个”解;any one既可用以指人,又可用以指物,其意为“任何一个”,如any one of you(不用anyone of you),重音落在one之上。

(二)any one比anyone更强调“个别”(more distributive force)的意思;anyone则含有“全体”、 “毫无例外”(all and without exception)之意。因此,其后有时可用复数形式的代词来指代它。如:Anyone can enter for the competition,can't they?

下面请对比anyoneany one在句中的不同含义:Anyone may pay a visit to the palace.任何人(即所有的人)都可以到皇宫一游。Any one of us may pay a visit to the palace.我们当中任何一个都可以到皇宫一游。Anyone who does it is risking his life.任何人做此等事都要冒着生命危险。

请注意,anyone之后不能用one's或one等词来指代它,如上句不能改作Anyone who does it is risking one's life.

“Which screw do you want?” — “Any one will do.”“你要哪一枚螺丝钉?” ——“随便哪个都行”。

与之类似区别的词有:anybody和any body;anything和any thing;everyone和every one;everybody和every body。

众所周知,everyone,everybody,anyone,anybody,every,each等词一般都是表示“单数”的概念,句中其后指代的代词用his或her。但在现代英语中,不少英美人士却用复数的代名词来代替单数代词。下面的例句都是选自英美知名文学家的作品:Nobody knows what it is to lose a friend till they have lost him.(Fielding)

I do not mean,by what I have here said,that I think anyone to blame for taking due care of their health.(Addison)Everybody is discontented with their lot in life.(Beaconsfield)

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