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英语单词avocation,vocation用法及区别

xiawuyouke 趣味英语 2022-10-28 13:07:14 22 0

avocation来自拉丁语avocare,意:“副业”、“消遣的事业”(a subordinate occupation,usually one pursued for pleasure and pastime),在近代英语里,常用作hobby(嗜好)的同义词。例:

My avocation is gardening. That's why I often keep several books on house plants at hand.我的业余消遣是园艺,这正是为什么我经常把数本关于家居植物的书放在手边。

“What is your avocation?” — “Stamp-collecting is my avocation.”“你的业余爱好是什么?”——“是集邮。”

vocation的意思是“职业”(profession or ordinary occupation),它大多指个人的兴趣引导自己从事的工作。有时它也能用以表示“天职”、“作为使命而从事的工作”之意。

Did you mean he chose the wrong vocation?你的意思是说他选错了职业吗?

Nursing,said Florence Nightingale,is a vocation as well as a profession.佛罗伦丝·南丁格尔说,看护既是职业,也是天职。

vocationavocation的区别可用下列一句话加以总结:

One's “vocation” is one's occupation,one's work or employment;an “avocation” is that which calls one away from one's vocation — hence,a minor subsidiary occupation,a by-work or even a hobby.

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