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英语单词between,among用法及区别

xiawuyouke 趣味英语 2022-10-29 14:14:26 27 0

一般的语法书都说,between表示两者之间的关系,among表示三者或三者以上相同事物之间的关系。其实,在现代英语里,说得确实些,between亦可用以指三个或三个以上事物之间的关系,特别是为了强调关系紧密的场合。例:

The ratio between industry and agriculture is the most fundamental in the national economy.工业农业之间的比例关系,是国民经济中最基本的关系。

There are constant conflicts between employers,workers and trade union officials.老板、工人和工会头子之间经常发生冲突。

The killer is hiding among the bushes.杀人者现在藏身于丛林中。

The money was divided equally among his brothers and sisters.这笔钱已在他们兄弟姐妹之间平分了。

between用以指三者或三者以上的场合至少已可追溯到半个多世纪以前了。我们在Wyld编写的Universal English Dictionary(1932年初版)中已可找到这样的例句:

The money was divided equally between the crew.

又例如:

We have to distinguish carefully between the five uses of the subjunctive.

英国的Oxford English Dictionary对between和among的用法写得好:“Between”has been from its earliest appearance extended to more than two…. It is still the only word available to express the relation of a thing to many surrounding things severally and individually;“among” expressing a relation to them collectively(as a group)and vaguely.

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