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each other,one another的用法及区别

xiawuyouke 趣味英语 2022-10-31 14:03:08 28 0

这一对短语都表示“相互”之意,许多旧的语法书都说:each other用于两者之间;one another则用于三者或三者以上。它们还举例为证:

The two students help each other.这两位学生相互帮助。

The three technicians help one another.这三个技术员相互帮助。

其实,在现代英语中,each otherone another的差异已日渐缩小,现在它们已能相互替换使用了。下面两个例句摘自Evans的A Dictionary of Contemporary American Usage。

The two men shook hands with one another.

The people in the room all knew each other.

值得我们注意的是,each other和one another都不能用作主语,例如我们不能说:We know what each other thinks.或We know how one another is getting along.我们只能说:We each know what the other thinks.或We each know how the other is getting along.

此外,我们还要记住,在某些场合里,each other和one another是不能换用的。例如:

The cars followed one another in quick succession on the highway.在高速公路上,汽车一辆接一辆地在疾驰。

这里的one another不能改为each follows the other。

另一区别是,one another当中可以加介词,each other当中一般不加。见下例:

The cars are coming out of the car park,one after another.

下面是引自英美名家作品的一些例证,说明each other可以和one another互换使用:

These two imparadised in one another's arms.(Milton)

These two were great enemies to one another.(Addison)

Sixteen ministers,who met weekly at each other's houses.(Dr.Johnson)

It is a bad thing that men should hate each other;but it is far worse that they should contract the habit of cutting one another's throats without hatred.(Macaulay)

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