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forget to lock the door,forget locking the door的用法及区别

xiawuyouke 趣味英语 2022-11-02 08:52:33 45 0

英语里,有些动词,如forget,remember,stop,remind等,其后接动名词或不定式时,表示两种截然不同的含义。例:

I forgot to lock the door.(1)

I forgot locking the door.(2)

(1)句的意思是“我忘了锁门”(现在门依然没有上锁);(2)句的意思是“我忘了我已把门锁上”(现在门已锁上)。

通过对比,我们可以看出,forget之后跟动词不定式,表示“因为忘记而不曾做……”;接动名词时,表示“忘记了曾经做……”。现在举一反三,可以联想到下列句子的区别不同含义:

I forgot to post the letter.

I forgot posting the letter.

They stopped to chat.

They stopped chatting.

I reminded him to attend the meeting yesterday.

I reminded him of his attending the meeting yesterday.

You must remember to turn off the lights when you leave the room.

You remembered turning off the lights when you left the room,did you?

I regret to say he was a liar.

I regret saying he was a liar.

We gave the porter ten dollars to carry our luggage.

We gave the porter ten dollars for carrying our luggage.

从以上各组例句可见,动词不定式to say和to carry等等的动作是发生在谓语动词regret和gave等等之后;动名词saying和carrying等等的动作是发生在谓语动词regret和gave等等之前。

上面几组句子应如何理解和翻译,请读者思忖。

在英语中,有些动词之后既能接不定式,又能接动名词,如:afford,begin,continue,like,intend,prefer…;而有些动词只能跟不定式,不能接动名词,如hope,want,pretend,promise…;另有一些则专接动名词,不能跟不定式,如avoid,delay,enjoy,fancy,finish,mind,risk,postpone… 遇到疑问,要勤查字典。

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