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英语单词late,lately用法及区别

xiawuyouke 趣味英语 2022-11-05 21:26:28 48 0

late除作形容词外,亦可用作副词,因而容易另一副词lately混淆不清。

用作形容词时,late的意思是“迟到的”、“晚到的”(arriving or happening after the usual,arranged or expected time);用作副词时,其意为“迟到地”、“过晚地”(after the usual,arranged or expected time)。late的反义词是early。例:

The plane was ten minutes late.飞机晚十分钟。

Sorry,I'm so dreadfully late!抱歉,我来得太晚了!

It is never too late to mend.亡羊补牢,永不为晚。

(在上列三句中,late作形容词用)

The bus arrived ten minutes late.公共汽车晚到了十分钟。

Usually he comes home late at night.通常他晚上很晚回家。

We were kept up late last night by our work.昨晚我们工作至深夜。

(在上列三句中,late作副词用)

lately只能用作副词,表示“最近”或“不久之前”之意,相当于recently or not long ago。例:

Have you been to the cinema lately?你最近去看过电影吗?

My friend has arrived from Australia lately.我的朋友最近从澳洲来。

He moved into a new apartment lately in Wan Chai.最近他搬到湾仔一家新的公寓居住。

通过下列句子比较,我们可以进一步分辨late和lately的区别:

He came late.他迟到了。

He came lately.他是最近来的。

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