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英语单词much,very的用法及区别

xiawuyouke 趣味英语 2022-11-17 10:55:36 10 0

这一对词都能用作副词,都有“很”、“非常”、“十分”的意思,故很易混淆。

用作副词时,要注意下列几区别:

(一)修饰形容词时,用very,不用much。例如:a very happy man;a very good book;a very cold day。

(二)修饰动词意义较强的过去分词时,用much,不用very。例如:His car was much damaged by the collision.Owing to the fog the ship was much delayed.

(三)在修饰已失去动词意义成为一般形容词一样的过去分词时,用very,不用much。例如:I am very tired.She has a very puzzled expression.

(四)在修饰用作形容词的现在分词前,一般用very,不用much。例如:This is a very interesting book.That is a very amusing story.

(五)修饰原级形容词时,用very;修饰比较级时,用much。例如:Deep Water Bay is very beautiful,but Repulse Bay is much better.

(六)在修饰只能用作表语的形容词时,用much,不用very。例如:much alive,much alone,much ashamed……。

(七)very much是much的强调说法,因此,凡是可以用much的地方,都可以用very much代替。

(八)在修饰一般处于表语地位的过去分词时,用very much最为恰当。例:I'm very much amazed(annoyed,delighted,embarrassed,excited,horrified,interested,moved,offended,pleased,puzzled,satisfied,surprised,worried…).

(九)much可以修饰动词,very则不能。例:They have lived in Hong Kong for more than ten years,but they do not like the weather much. I very much enjoyed the concert.

(十)much可以修饰介词短语,very则不能。例如:He is much at his ease.

(十一)在like引导的短语前,much可以very替换使用。例如:She is much(or very)like her father.

(十二)very不能修饰冠词,much可以用来修饰冠词。例如:She is very much a lady.It is much the same.

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