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英语单词worth,worthy的用法及区别

xiawuyouke 趣味英语 2022-11-18 10:19:00 19 0

这两个词的词义用法有所不同。

worth既可作形容词,又可作名词,其意为“值得”(deserving)和“价值”(value)。如:

How much is this picture worth?这幅画值多少钱?

Their fallacy is not worth refuting.他们的谬论不值一驳。

The exhibition is well worth a visit.这个展览会很值得一看。

由于形容词worth之后常带宾语,故有些人把它视作介词,其后可接名词、代名词和动名词。下面的worth是用作名词:

This book is of great worth.这本书很有价值。

Please give me twenty dollars' worth of five-dollar Hong Kong stamps.请给我20块钱的5元香港邮票。

请注意,worth用作形容词时,只能作表语,不能作定语,其后跟名词或主动态的动名词,一般不接动词不定式。如:

This book is worth publication.此书值得出版。

This book is worth reading.此书值得一读。

worthy只可作形容词,不能作名词。其意为“值得的”、“有……价值的”(having worth or value),其后必须接动词不定式或of加名词,或接被动态的动名词(决不可以跟主动语态的动名词)。例:

The International Book Fair in Hong Kong is worthy to be visited(or of being visited).香港的国际书展颇值得一看。

His behaviour is worthy of praise.他的表现值得称赞。

为此,“此书值得一读”共有下列三种常见表达方式:

This book is worth reading.

This book is worthy to be read.

This book is worthy of being read.

worthy一字不能单独用作表语,例如,我们不可以说:

He is worthy.

或The reward is worthy.

应将它们改作:

He is a worthy man.

和This is a worthy reward.

使用worth一字时,我们也要注意,例如,我们可以说:It was worth doing.或The work was worth doing. 但不能说:It was worth doing the work.应将此句改作:It was worthwhile doing the work.请注意,下面的句子都是错误的:

This is worthwhile saying.(错)

It is worth saying this.(错)

Saying this is worthy.(错)

It is worthwhile to say.(错)

To say is worthwhile.(错)

应把它们改作:

This is worth saying.

It is worthwhile saying this.

Saying this is worthwhile.

It is worthwhile to say this.

To say this is worthwhile.

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