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英语单词await,wait的用法及区别

xiawuyouke 趣味英语 2022-11-19 09:47:55 14 0

这两个词都是动词,又都有“期待”、“等候”之意,但用法有所不同,它们的区别如下:

(一)await是及物动词,后面直接接宾语;wait虽然也可用作及物动词,但在现代英语中,一般作不及物动词用,与for,to,till,until等词连用。

(二)await的宾语大都是抽象名词,如:decision,reply,arrival,announcement,return等;wait for的宾语一般是人或事物。

The judge awaits the coroner's inquest before giving a verdict.

法官在作裁决前等待验尸官的调查。

I have been waiting for her for an hour at the bus stop.

我在公共车站等候她已一小时了。

(三)await之后接动名词;wait之后接动词不定式。例如:

We shall await hearing further from them.

We shall wait to hear further from them.

我们在静候他们进一步的消息。

(四)await多用于书面语;wait多用于口语。如:

This plan awaits the approval of the board of directors.

这项计划有待董事局批准。

I have been waiting here for a long time.

我已在这里等了好久了。

(五)wait除作动词外,还可用作名词。例:

I had a long wait for the train.

我等火车等了好久。

They pursue a policy of wait and see.

他们采取等待观望的政策。

如上所述,wait在特定情况下也可以用作及物动词,例如:to wait your turn;to wait one's opportunity。

请注意下列句子中await和wait的使用场合:

We await(or wait for)your reply.

We wait for(不能用await)you to reply.

I shall wait to bring her home.(不能用await)

I await(or wait for)your ruling on the matter with some impatience.

当await的主语是没有生命的事物而宾语是人时,await表示be in store或lie in wait for之意。如:

On arriving at the guest house,he found a telegram awaiting him.

Little did he realize what a surprise awaited him at home.

A hearty welcome will await you.

请注意,Time and tide wait(s)for no man.(岁月不待人。)的wait既可以加s,亦可不加s。

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