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英语单词award,reward的用法及区别

xiawuyouke 趣味英语 2022-11-19 09:48:26 8 0

这两个词都可以用作名词动词,作名词时,意思相近,但不是同义词

作名词时,award的意思是“奖品”、“奖金”,其意与prize近似,两者都指因为作出杰出成就而受奖。例:

The Olympic winner received a gold medal as an award.

He won the second award of $2,000.

而reward作名词时,其意为“赏金”、“酬金”或一些非金钱的报酬。例:

We will offer a reward of ten thousand dollars for information about the case.

如果有人提供有关案件的情报,我们愿意出1万元赏金。

We don't expect substantial rewards.

我们并不期望得到优厚的报酬。

用作动词时,award的意思是“授予”、“颁发”、“判给”;reward则表示“报答”、“酬谢”之意。例:

He was awarded the first prize for Outstanding Industrial Design.

他获优秀工业设计一等奖。

The judge awarded him twenty thousand dollars as damages.

法官判给他2万元作为赔偿费。

You should reward them according to their deserts.

你应该对他们论功行赏。

Is that how you reward me for my help?

你就是这样来报答我给你的帮助吗?

reward也可以用于比喻意。例:

I would feel amply rewarded if my book—A Study of English Twins—could be of some help to the readers.

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