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英语单词concerned,concerning的用法及区别

xiawuyouke 趣味英语 2022-11-20 08:57:13 7 0

这两个词的词义并不相同,用法亦有异。

concerned是分词形容词,其意为“有关的”(involved);concerning是由分词转换而成的介词,其意为“关于”(relating to)。请看下面的例句:

This agreement will be signed by the parties concerned.

此协议将由各有关方面签署。

They called on all departments concerned to take prompt steps to promote the development of light industry.

他们要求各有关部门迅速采取措施,促进轻工业发展。

由例句可见,concerned用作形容词解作“有关的”时,是后置定语,大都放在它所修饰的名词之后。但在verb“to be”之后而同样解作“关于”时,则要用be concerned with的形式,如:

This book is concerned with English usage.

此书是与英语惯用法有关。

值得注意的是,concerned(亦可表示动词之意)也可解作“关心”、“担心”解,与之搭配的介词为at、about,用作此意时,concerned也是形容词。例:

He was deeply concerned at the news.

听到这个消息时,他深为担忧。

We are all concerned about the pollution of the environment here.

对这里的环境受到污染,我们都感到不安。

Parents are naturally concerned for their children's safety.

父母自然关心他们儿女的安全。

下面是concerning的例句:

This is a proposal concerning the construction of the new airport.

这是关于兴建新机场的一项建议。

Yesterday we wrote him a letter concerning the business arrangement.

昨天我们就业务安排问题写了一封信给他。

在个别场合下,concerned with可以concerning互换使用,原因是从句which are concerned with中的which are省略了。例如:

We had several disputes concerning/(which are)concerned with this matter.

关于此事,我们曾争论过数次。

请注意,下列语句的区别:

They were concerned(worried)about the matter.

他们为此事而担忧。

They were concerned(implicated)in the matter.

他们参与此事。

They were concerned(connected)with the matter.

他们与此事有关。

此外,作为特定词组,as far as I am concerned解作in my opinion;as far as sth. is concerned解作concerning sth. /talking about sth. 例:As far as I'm concerned,this plan is impractical.

依我来看,这个计划不切实际。As far as funding is concerned,some banks have agreed to provide loans.

关于资金方面,一些银行同意提供贷款。

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